Galpo 101 By Satyjit Roy
Satyajit Ray was an Indian Bengali filmmaker and writer born in 2 May 1921. He is regarded as one of the greatest auteurs of 20th century cinema. Ray was born in the city of Calcutta (now Kolkata) into a Bengali family prominent in the world of arts and literature.Ray's grandfather, Upendrakishore Ray was a writer, illustrator, philosopher, publisher, amateur astronomer and a leader of the Brahmo Samaj, a religious and social movement in nineteenth century Bengal. Sukumar Ray, Upendrakishore's son, was a pioneering Bengali writer of nonsense rhyme and children's literature, an illustrator and a critic. Ray was born to Sukumar and Suprabha Ray. Ray studied at Ballygunge Government High School, Calcutta, and then completed his B.A. (Hons.) in economics at Presidency College of the University of Calcutta, though his interest was always in fine arts. He also studied in Visva-Bharati University at Santiniketan.In 1943, he joined a British-run advertising agency, D.J. Keymer, as a "junior visualiser", earning just eighty rupees a month. At this time he also designed covers for many books.In 1949, Ray married Bijoya Das, his first cousin and longtime sweetheart. Ray's first film, Pather Panchali (1955), won eleven international prizes, including Best Human Document at the Cannes film festival. Alongside Aparajito (1956) and Apur Sansar (1959), the three films form The Apu Trilogy. Ray did the scripting, casting, scoring, cinematography, art direction, editing and designed his own credit titles and publicity material. Ray received many major awards in his career, including 32 Indian National Film Awards, a number of awards at international film festivals and award ceremonies, and an Academy Honorary Award in 1991.Ray created two very popular characters in Bengali children's literature—Feluda, a sleuth, and Professor Shonku, a scientist. He wrote some books with this characters. Jakhon Choto Chilam,Professor Shonkur Diary,Sonar Kella etc are his well known publication.In 1992, Ray's health deteriorated due to heart complications. He was admitted to a hospital, and would never recover. He died on 23 April 1992.